Making a difference between the online encyclopedias

online encyclopedias

“What free online encyclopedia should you choose?” The Britannica or Wikipedia “The Selection or Inclusion of Subjects? The Contribution of All or That of Scientists?

“I appreciate a lot of things in Wikipedia and I have dreamed of making a lot of myself, but there is one crucial philosophical issue in this fight that leads to the triumph of broken knowledge. Everyone can collaborate, sometimes with great results, but all in all, we end up with a non-coherent worldview. ”

Worse, for the encyclopedic philosopher, the Google-Wikipedia tandem has the effect of reinforcing the burst of knowledge, which is ultimately the worst option on the intellectual level.

Collaborative online encyclopedias: true or false encyclopedias? 

Reflections on encyclopedias, as part of a teaching exercise

in terms of opposition between “true” and “false” is a false question; Collaborative online encyclopedias can be seen as a sign of the emergence of a new form of encyclopedias, or as a complementary approach to paper encyclopedias.

By way of conclusion, necessarily provisional on this vast subject, one can wonder about the nature of this new encyclopedias: are interconnected networks and virtual spaces the starting point, as a type of discourse, as an ideology proclaim, of a cognitive democracy, universal access to knowledge? Or does the new encyclopedia lie in communication (and no longer criticism) or should we refuse to sacrifice to a “traditional” definition of the encyclopedia?

Wikipedia model for the Britannica encyclopedia? 

“A reasoned opening” The Encyclopedia Britannica, a reference encyclopedia whose first edition dates back to 1768, should soon let users edit some of the contents of its website, unlike Wikipedia, which relies on self-regulation of content by the Internet community. To compete Wikipedia Britannica should entrust a team of publishers and specialists to keep track of the changes or additions submitted by users, who will be credited for their participation.

Britannica 2.0 encyclopedia arrives: Wikipedia in sight

“It was already the theme of one of the conferences discussed last year at the Paris Book Fair, bringing together several actors from the encyclopedic world: was Diderot’s dream finally realized? With the upcoming arrival of a new interface for the Britannica encyclopedia, based on a participatory principle, the same as, wiki page creation service it is a new entrant in the field, but also a protest actor. ”

Wikipedia for children

The encyclopedia Introduces itself as a wiki encyclopedia for children and adolescents

Launched on October 1, 2008, Wiki mini is a children’s encyclopedia whose articles are written by children and adolescents aged 8 to 13 years. Based on wiki technology, all the pages of the encyclopedia can be freely completed and improved by their readers, as long as they have identified themselves … The use of Wiki mini does not require any particular learning.

All its features have been simplified and studied to be accessible to children from eight years. Finally, Wiki mini is a non-profit, non-political and non-denominational project, free of charge and advertising-free.

According to the authors of Wiki mini, for children, the interest of a project such as “Wikipedia” is not so much in its consultation but much more in the very fact of its creation, i.e. its collaborative writing. However, in “Wikipedia”, the youngest users are totally excluded from this second dimension insofar as their level of knowledge does not allow them to write articles at the height of those implicitly expected in a written encyclopedia for and by adults.

With regard to documentary research, from an educational perspective, training children to search for information on the Internet seems de facto more instructive than systematically restricting their experience and their field of exploration to one and the same source of information.

Wiki mini, knowledge budding

“Graphically and as for its presentation, the site comes out of the usual wikis, and we can only salute the graphic work, images mapped and clickable at the top of each large site topic, the original mouse pointer, etc.

Wiki mini, the encyclopedia of small Internet users

Wiki mini is above all a project for educational purposes, explains Laurent Jacquie, a Swiss teacher passionate about computer science, at the origin of the site. It is not a question of making it a reference tool but of valuing and using children’s knowledge. ”

“Designed primarily for teachers, Wiki mini is not yet widely used in schools.”To date, only two classes have integrated into their program, says the designer of the site. One in Tunisia, the other in Quebec, but we should remain optimistic, the encyclopedia only exists for a month!