6 Gum diseases and Tips to prevent them

Gum diseases

Gum Disease, commonly known as Periodontitis is a disease that begins with bacterial growth in one’s mouth. If not adequately treated, it ends up making one losing their teeth due to the destruction of the tissues surrounding their teeth. Before one gets to periodontitis, there is a stage known as gingivitis. This is where the bacteria have infected your gum, and it starts bleeding whenever you brush your teeth. For more on the differences between Gingivitis and Periodontitis, you can refer to here.

Let us take a look at the gum diseases. It is crucial to prevent them, and therefore we will look at the prevention and curative measures for these diseases.

#1. Gingivitis

This occurs at the initial stages of periodontitis. It is characterized by red gums, swollen gums, bleeding gums ore even sore gums. A healthy gum is always pink and very firm. In case any of the signs occur, it should alarm you of a possibility of Gingivitis. Gingivitis can is caused by poor oral hygiene, systemic diseases such as leukemia and diabetes, smoking, poor nutrition or even pregnancy. Smoking is one of the causes of Gingivitis, and thus people should quit smoking as a preventive measure.

Gingivitis prevention and treatment measures

  • Flossing of your teeth daily to remove any food particles in your teeth.
  • Rinsing your mouth after flossing with an anti-gingivitis mouthwash containing either essential oils or cetyl pyridinium chloride.
  • Brushing your teeth twice a day for a minimum of two minutes with toothpaste containing fluoride. Fluoride contains anti-inflammatory ingredients.
  • Visiting your dentist for a period that does not exceed six months. You can get more information on Gingivitis on

#2. Chronic Periodontitis

This disease is very advanced. It destroys the attachment mechanism of the teeth. It is classified as either local or Spread out, according to its severity. It is even easier to assess the nature of its seriousness on an X-ray. All cases of Gum disease were once Gingivitis, but it is not always that all Gingivitis cases will lead to Gum disease (periodontitis). This is why it is essential to treat all instances of Gingivitis when they start manifesting.

Symptoms of Chronic Periodontitis

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Bone destruction
  • Bleeding
  • Pockets deeper than 5 millimeters
  • Widening of the gaps between teeth

Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis

  • Open Flap debridement. It is more effective compared to non-surgical periodontal therapy in a deep pocket.
  • Guided tissue recovery
  • Enamel framework subsidiary
  • Adjunctive precise Antibiotic treatment
  • Locally conveyed adjunctive antimicrobial treatment.
  • Tweaking the host reaction
  • Ez IO insertion

#3. Periodontal Abscess

This is an infection within the gingival tissue near that area of the furcation or pocket. It can lead to swift destruction of the attachment mechanism.

Signs of the disease

  • Shiny swelling near the pocket area
  • Pain
  • Purulent discharge
  • Sensitivity
  • Bone loss
  • Teeth becoming loose


For the prevention part, it is as easy as eating a healthy diet every day, brushing your teeth twice every day and flossing your teeth daily.

#4. Perio-Endo Lesion

Sometimes, an infection in the root of your teeth can spread to the gingiva and vice versa. This is because the nerves, dental tissues and the vessels supplying the blood are all linked to the tissues that surround the teeth.


This can be done through one going through endodontic therapy which will be followed by conventional periodontal surgery. When the case is severe, this where extraction of the tooth can be considered.

#5. Gingival Recession

It is also known as receding gums. The neck of the tooth might be left exposed due to excessive brushing. The brushing was being done even when the signs of Periodontitis were evident. This will mean that the gingival tissues have receded.


  • Sensitivity to heat or cold
  • The teeth look elongated

Prevention of Gingival Recession

Preventing this from happening can be done through eating healthy food, brushing and flossing your teeth daily and avoiding smoking. You can also be visiting your dentist twice a year and always keep observing the changes that occur with your gum. You can still see your dentist when you notice any changes.


Gingival Recession can be treated through surgery. There are a number of operations that can be used. They are;

  • Regeneration
  • Root planning
  • Open flap scaling
  • Soft tissue graft

#6. Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

It occurs to mostly those suffering from systemic diseases including HIV and malnutrition. Necros means that the living tissues are dead. The gingival tissues, in turn, are denied the nourishment they need to be and remain healthy.


This one especially is the one that always needs on to remain healthy by eating healthy food to prevent it from occurring. You also need regular flossing of your teeth and brushing twice a day.


If it gets to its latter stages, the following precautions can be used to slow or contain it;

  • Evacuate pseudomembrane, utilizing cotton pellet plunged in 0.12% chlorhexidine.
  • Perform debridement under neighborhood anesthesia, including delicate scaling.
  • The patient should observe oral cleanliness guidelines and endorse antibacterial mouthwash.
  • The patient should control torment with analgesics
  • Endorse antibiotics to the patient when they have a fever.
  • The offering of quiet guiding: guarantee legitimate nourishment, take nutrient enhancements, embrace fitting liquid admission, take lots of rest, decline pressure, and quit smoking.

Gum diseases are becoming a disaster when not detected early and treated adequately. Periodontal(s) need to step up and contain the situation of helping people take care of their gum diseases. Those interested in this field should study it thoroughly first, sit for exams and from there get ACLS certification to be allowed to practice. We need to live with healthy gums, and that will be possible with the necessary care going hand in hand with the required information.

Author Bio:

Ross is a blogger who loves to write especially in the Health vertical. He has written many informative Blogs. He has also written blogs in other verticals too like personal development, unique gifting blogs.